Inquirer.net, PH, Japan, to begin talks on the troops agreement, June 5, 2015 The VFA is a bilateral agreement between the Philippines and the United States that outlines the conditions for entry and visit of U.S. forces into the country and paves the way for activities such as Balikatan (shoulder-to-shoulder) or large-scale military training. At a Senate hearing on the revision of the VFA, Locsin, amid President Rodrigo Duterte`s threat to terminate the treaty, said: “It is valuable to go back to the VFA to address sovereignty issues such as jurisdiction and custody of children.” Although Duterte did not threaten to withdraw from the MDT and EDCA, both would still be affected. Without the VFA, for example, joint training exercises would only be limited to “agreed sites” under the EDCA, Bagares said. This would also have an impact on the VFA intercom agreement, he added. Andrew Yeo is an associate professor of politics at the Catholic University of America in Washington, D.C. and is currently a fulbright Visiting Research Fellow at the University of the Philippines Diliman. His most recent book is “Asia`s Regional Architecture: Alliances and Institutions in the Pacific Century” (Stanford University Press, 2019). A1: No. The VFA is an agreement between the two countries to support the Mutual Defence Treaty (MDT). The MDT was established in 1951 between the United States and the Philippines to provide mutual assistance in the event of an attack on foreigners. As a contract for the execution of the VFA, EDCA authorizes the prepositioning of war materials on approved sites.
This includes strengthening the modernization capabilities of the Philippine armed forces. READ: The pH of the military pact with the UNITED States) Second, it is not clear whether the president has the constitutional authority to repeal an international agreement ratified by the Philippine Senate. Senators still disagree on whether Duterte can unilaterally terminate the VFA and have even proposed that the Supreme Court weigh in on the legality of Duterte`s decision. What would be the impact of the abolition of the agreement on the country? The Philippines-U.S. Visiting Agreement, sometimes the PH-US Visiting Forces Agreement, is a bilateral agreement between the Philippines and the United States, which consists of two separate documents. The first of these documents is commonly referred to as “VFA” or “VFA-1″ and the second is referred to as “VFA-2” or “counterparty agreement.”  A Visiting Forces Agreement is a version of an agreement on the status of the armed forces that applies only to troops temporarily stationed in a country. The agreements entered into force on 27 May 1999, after ratification by the Philippine Senate.    The U.S. government considers these documents to be executive agreements that do not require the approval of the U.S.
Senate.   The main effect of the agreement is to compel the U.S. government to notify the Philippine authorities when it is aware of the arrest, the arrest or detention of Filipino personnel visiting the United States and, at the request of the Philippine government, to invite the competent authorities to waive jurisdiction in favour of the Philippines, except in cases of particular interest to the State Department or the United States Defense.  [VIII1] The waiver of U.S. jurisdiction is complicated because the United States is a federation of American states and therefore a federation of jurisdictions. A3: Both countries signed the VFA in 1998. It offers simplified access procedures in the Philippines for the United States.