In the 1720s, a number of Indian groups began to emigrate to the Ohio Country. Until 1724, the Delaware Indians had founded the village of Kittanning on the Allegheny River in present-day western Pennsylvania. The Delawares emigrated due to the spread of European colonization in eastern Pennsylvania. With them came the Shawnee who had settled in the east. Other groups from the scattered Shawnee tribe also returned to the Ohio Country in the following decades. A number of Senecas and other Iroquais also emigrated to the Ohio Country and distanced themselves from French and British imperial rivalries south of Lake Ontario. VII. The provisions for residents of Canada in the first Article shall also apply to residents of the countries assigned by this Article. The Royal Proclamation of 1763 prohibited North American settlers from building or maintaining settlements west of a line that ran down the Appalachian Ridge. There were two reasons for this policy: first, the British wanted to avoid a war with the American Indians.
This goal had little to do with respect for tribal rights and was rather motivated by the high cost of conflicts with American Indians and the lack of British soldiers on the continent. Some American Indians welcomed this policy and felt that separation would allow them to return to their traditional way of life; Others understood that the proclamation would at best offer some air to breathe before the next rush of invaders. The article provided for unlimited emigration from Canada for 18 months. However, the passage on british ships was expensive.  In total, 1600 people left New France by this clause, but only 270 Franco-Canadians.  Some have argued that this is part of the UK policy to limit emigration.  Many Conestoga were Christians and had lived for decades in peace with their European neighbors. Although there were no attacks by the American Indians in the area, the Paxton Boys claimed that the Conestogas were secretly providing aid and information to the enemies. On December 14, 1763, more than 50 Paxton Boys marched on conestoga houses near Conestoga Town, Millersville, murdering six people and burning their cabins. . .